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Image Quality: Changing the Screen

The reproducibility of an image is significantly dependent on the screen. Select a screen suitable for the required image quality.

• Meaning and Purpose of Screens

  • This machine draws images using screens (halftone dots), and therefore the expressions for images can change with the screen type.

  • If an image is difficult to reproduce using the current screen (or auto selection), it is important to select the appropriate screen. When printing, there are three screen types to choose from: [Screen 1], [Screen 2], and [Stochastic]. However, the screen assigned to each screen type can only be set by the administrator from the [Administrator Setting] menu.
    This section introduces how to assign a screen to a screen type and how to select a screen for printing.

  • There are three screen types: "line screen," "dot screen," and "stochastic screen," which are defined according to their shapes and expressions. Multiple screens with different dot/line count are available for each type.

Screen Types and Their Characteristics:

Screen Type


Selection Group

Line screen
(Line 200, Line 190, etc.)

Uses many halftone lines, like scanning lines of a television, and thus provides fine quality in reproducing the gradation in images. However, text originals may not be reproduced clearly in this method, being processed in the same way as photo originals.

Screen 1, Screen 2

Dot screen
(Dot 270, Dot 190, etc.)

Uses dots to reproduce an image. Commonly used in offset printers.

(FM1, FM2, FM3)

Reproduces images with fine non-periodic dot arrangement using the error diffusion method. This method is suitable for reproducing text originals sharply.


• When to perform

  • When an image is difficult to reproduce using the current screen (or auto selection)

• Intended Environment

Operating system

Windows 7


Adobe Acrobat X Pro

Image Controller

Image Controller IC-602

Printer driver

PS Plug-in Driver

* The sample screen may be different from the actual display depending on your system environment and application version/revision.

• Work Flow

The screen can be changed via the machine's touch panel and the printer driver.

STEP 1: Assigning a Screen from the Machine (Custom Screen)


STEP 2: Changing the Screen from the Printer Driver

• Precautions

  • To reproduce stable colors, in addition to regular calibration, make other pre-output image quality adjustments as necessary, such as when changing screens or papers or when hue is important. For details, refer to Pre-output Image Quality Adjustment.

Assigning a Screen from the Machine (Custom Screen)

Using the touch panel on the machine, assign screens from the [Administrator Setting] menu.

  1. Press Utility/Counter on the machine's control panel.

    The [UTILITY menu] is displayed.

  2. Press [Administrator Setting].

  3. Press [System Setting].

  4. Press [Expert Adjustment].

  5. Press [Quality Adjustment].

  6. Press [Custom Screen].

  7. Press the screen to be assigned to each screen type: [Screen 1], [Screen 2], and [Stochastic]. After setting, press [OK].

Changing the Screen from the Printer Driver

The user can change the screen via the printer driver when printing.

  1. Open the original data with the application, and then click [Print] on the [File] menu.

    The [Print] screen is displayed differently depending on the application used.

    If there is no [File] menu, click the [Print the file] button.

  2. Select the printer to use for printing and click [Properties].

  3. Click the [Imaging] tab and select the screen for [Image] under [Fixed Screen].

    Example: The following shows an example of a default screen. The selectable screen types can be changed by the administrator from the [UTILITY] menu. The available screen types may also vary depending on the image controller.

    [Screen 1 (Dot190)]: Uses fine dot arrangement. Suitable for printing catalogs and brochures.

    [Screen 2 (Dot150)]: Uses fewer lines for reduced granularity. Suitable for printing color photographs and leaflets.

    [Stochastic (FM1)]: Uses non-periodic dot arrangement. Dot size is fixed; intensity is expressed by changing the number and position of dots. Suitable for sharp reproduction of color photographs and text. Set the [Resolution] to 600 dpi.

  4. Select a screen for [Text/Graphics], and click [OK].

    To use the same screen that is used for [Image], select [Same as Image].

  5. Click [OK] on the [Print] screen.

    The original is printed using the selected screen.